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The Horne Presentation page 3


Horne then commented upon the autopsy photographs and X-rays that were digitized in Rochester. All 51 images were digitized and 19 were enhanced.

He showed the Fox photo, left view of the head. He then showed a drawing he made and commented upon what he viewed in Rochester. Horne stated that you could not tell in the "bootleg" version (the ones we typically see), as it's very dark on the bottom, but the actual image is much better and shows the entire back of the head is lacking in structure. It kind of sags there, as though it kind of caved in where it sits in the stirrup. ("Best Evidence," Caroll and Graff edition 1988, Autopsy Photo 1)

 Autopsy 1

BE Autopsy photo 1

Horne also showed his drawings based upon the digitized and enhanced photographs. He could not show the actual enhanced images because Burke Marshall still controls this material.

He showed a photograph with damage to the top of the head and a flap of bone sticking out --damage which was not noticed in Dallas except by Drs. Clark and Grossman. (B & W - "Best Evidence," Caroll and Graff edition 1988, Autopsy Photo 4; In Color - Groden's "The Killing of a President" p. 179) Dr. Jones repeatedly said he did not see this at Parkland. He never saw any flap sticking out of the right side, nor any damage to the top of the head.

 Autopsy 4

 Autopsy 4 Color

BE Autopsy Photo 4  Autopsy Photo 4 color

Another photograph showed what looks like a V-shape cut in the forehead. It is indeed a cut made by a knife, according to Dr. Peters. Dr. Peters saw this for the first time in 1988 for the NOVA show. The photo shows pieces of skull bone and or scalp reflected back in a photograph. The interior is painted red in some photographs, but it is actually yellow -- perhaps fat -- on the interior of the skull. (B & W "Best Evidence," Caroll and Graff edition 1988, Autopsy Photo 3 shows this V-like cut; In color - Groden's "The Killing of a President "p. 183)

 Autopsy 3

 Autopsy 3 color

 BEAutopsy Photo 3 Autopsy Photo 3a color

Boswell did not see the so-called "entrance wound" in a photograph of the back of the head. ("Best Evidence" Autopsy photo 4 shows what we're talking about here.) The HSCA gave Boswell and Humes a choice for an entrance: the top of the head or a tiny speck of something at the bottom near the hairline. They choose the bottom one. This is where the 4 inch discrepancy comes from. "Well, really," Boswell said to the ARRB, "you can't see it at all." He wouldn't pick either one of the spots offered by the HSCA but instead he choose a spot about where the Dallas Doctors said there was an exit wound. A black space seemingly intact with hair and everything that looks fine there. The spot previously chosen -- which looks like a speck of fat or brain tissue, or something -- is indeed a hole, shown more clearly in the Rochester photos, a puncture into the head, whether caused by a bullet, or some kind of tampering, or what, is unknown.

Horne referred to this hole as tunneling, he described it as really interesting. Horne said, "The entrance wound was described as tunneling in the Military Review Report from 1967." (MD 14. RIF# 1861000110237, Agency File Number 129-11. Reproduced in Harold Weisberg's "Post Mortem" p. 575-579, with a discussion of the report on p. 141. See also Horne note #10 at the end of this article for more information.)

Also, there is evidence of a puncture right where Humes and Boswell placed an entrance wound. Horne said it is hard to tell as the hair is thick but there is a suggestion of it---a puncture here with blood splatter all around it. Horne called it confusing and intriguing, and a distorted photo.

With regard to this photograph, Groden says it has a soft edge matte insertion. Horne did not see evidence of that but he did say it is extremely strange, the hair is very odd. It's almost as though someone gave JFK a bowl shaped haircut, put a bowl on his head and cut a Chinese 1890's style hair cut. But we do have Boswell saying all the bone is gone there, and it's his hand shown pulling up the scalp.

Humes states no, there is bone there but it's fractured. Boswell says no, it's all missing.

Horne then showed the photo that is largely of JFK's back. This photo is cropped. ("Best Evidence" Autopsy Photo 5) There are two hands at the top actually inside JFK's head giving form and texture to the back of his head where obviously no bone exists, but some scalp does. So, the uncropped version would show 5 gloved hands, but we see three in the cropped version.

 autopsy photo 5

 BE Autopsy Photo 5

It is this photograph that Humes called distorted. It is this photograph that Humes and Boswell were told to place an entry wound, forced to choose between: A. a red spot near the cowlick, or B. a small speck that looks like a piece of brain or fat clinging to the hair by the HSCA forensic panel. They did not want to choose either but picked B. To the ARRB they choose a spot behind the right ear that seems dark and intact in the photo.


Now Horne got into some really interesting stuff. The day before the ARRB deposed Humes, that would be February 13th, 1996, so we are talking about February 12th, 1996, Gunn told Horne to check the data on the brain examination, and Horne did, when, SHAZAM, Horne figures it out, has a moment of epiphany, and said, "Oh My God, there were two brain exams!"

Horne explained why he believes this. If you are going to murder the President and you are going to alter the body to hide how the murder really happened, you can't merely remove bullets or bullet fragments. You can't leave the same brain in evidence, because it is going to show a shot from the front and an exit wound in the rear. You need another brain showing a trajectory that's the reverse of that. What good is leaving a brain in the record that shows the wrong kind of damage? And photographs and X-rays showing the wrong kind of damage? No. You need a brain showing the right kind of damage.

Horne feels that Humes and Boswell were at two brain exams. The first Monday, the 25th of November, before the funeral. This was the real brain. It was serially sectioned, and Dr. Finck was not there. Stringer took photographs of the brain sections. They are not in the Archives. Those photographs are missing.

Dr. Burkley took this brain. It may have been buried with the body after the cameras were shut off and gone from Arlington later in the day. Or someone else got rid of it somehow. Or maybe there's an answer to this in Mr. Illig's (Dr. Burkley's attorney) files.

About a week later Humes and Boswell examine another brain, they knowingly engaging in a charade, and Dr. Finck is the dupe. This becomes the brain of record. This brain was photographed. These photographs are in the Archives. They are not of President Kennedy's brain. John Stringer under oath completely disavowed these photographs saying he did not take them, that he could not have taken them. They are at the wrong angles. It is the wrong kind of film. He did not take them.

FBI agent O'Neill looked at these official brain photographs and said this can't be it, it was more than half gone, this cannot be the brain I saw at autopsy. He put his hand to the back of his head and said it was all blown out back here.

Drs. Humes and Boswell said under oath that the cerebellum was not damaged. Dr. Fink said he could not remember. John Stringer said it was damaged.

Dr. Humes said in his supplementary brain exam that he did not serially section the brain but that he did take small sections and one of them was from the right cerebellar cortex. The ARRB asked him why he did that if it was not damaged. Humes replied, "Oh, I don't know, no particular reason." Very strange.

Horne then showed a chart and played an audiotape of Dr. Humes talking about the brain, then Dr. Boswell, and then Stringer.

Humes testifies to the Warren Commission in '64 and Boswell and Finck are in the room with him. On that occasion Humes said they all three examined the brain together. Specter had the document in his hand but did not ask when this exam took place. Humes said it was sometime after the autopsy.

Humes tells the ARRB it was one or two days after the autopsy. Horne says the more they questioned him the further away it got, and the more uncomfortable he was.

Boswell was adamant it was Monday the 25th. Boswell told the same thing to the HSCA, as did Stringer: Monday, the 25th. Stringer told the ARRB Monday, the 25th.

Humes says in the audiotape that they took photographs of the brain from both above and below. Humes also says he gave the brain to Dr. Burkley at some time, possibly as many as ten days after the autopsy.

Boswell does not know why the weight of the brain is not recorded in the autopsy face sheet. He said a neurosurgeon from AFIP (Air Force Institute of Pathology) was there on Monday the 25th (he's not referring to Dr. Finck) and the weight measurement would be on another piece of paper. Boswell thinks the brain was delivered to Burkley on Monday the 25th. "Ordinarily, Boswell said, "the brain would be in formalin for 5 days. Normal sectioning of the brain was on Wednesdays."

Dr. Finck wrote to Blumberg that Humes called him (Finck) about the brain exam on November 29th and that we then examined the brain, but he doesn't say what day. However, this seems to imply a brain examination after November the 25th.

Chester Boyers, Navy chief told the HSCA he prepared tissue slides of the brain on December 2nd.

So, that's the window for the second brain exam. The photos of the "official" brain are consistent with a shot entering from behind, and can be used to discredit the Parkland doctors who are looking at the real wounds, "Look there's no damage to the cerebellum. etc."

 Dox drawing brain

HSCA photo reproduction of the president's brain


Continued in part four: TO DEPOSE OR NOT TO DEPOSE

Part One

Part Two a

Part Two b

Part Three

Part Four

Part Five